Histories

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History of Keng Tung (Burmese)

A brief history of Keng Tung (chieng Tung) by the pre-eminent Burmese historian Dr. Than Tun.

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Gazeteer I (English)

Gazetteer I (in English) by Sir James George Scott. Tai-Shan place names, above the level of the village (ban, man, wan) have the prefix Muang (Möng, Meng) or Keng (Ken, Chieng, Jing). These pages of the Gazetteer list the names and locations of Keng and a brief description of the people, their livelihoods and the local environment. The spread of these place names are a key to the geographic spread of the Tai and the environmental niches they have selected as part of their settlement patterns as they migrated out of their homeland in the border areas between Guangxi and northwestern Vietnam.

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Gazeteer II (English)

Gazetteer II (in English) by Sir James George Scott. This is the entire “Chapter VI: The Shan States and the Tai” (pp. 187-331) of Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States: V1, Part I. It covers such topics as The Tai Race (origins and spread); History; Tai Racial Characteristics; The Shan Country; Crops of the Hill Tribes; Shan Trade; Minerals; Old Tai Capitals; The Southern Tai States; Decay of Shan Power; Burmese Administrative System; The Number of the Shan States; The Myelat; Titles of Chiefs; Titles of Shan Sawbwas; British Occupation; The Northern Shan States; The Northern and Southern Shan States; Tai Religion and Customs; Birth;

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Rama IV Campaign (Thai)

Professor Ratanaporn Setakul, pre-eminent Thai historian, writes and illustrates with maps and portraits the attempt of King Mongut to complete the aborted attempt of Rama III, but he too failed and with it the ambition of Siam to extend its control of the Shan area in its competition with the Burmese.

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About Chiang Tung (Thai)

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